Photo: Chris Brown
People need a mix of housing, shops, offices, pubs, schools and places of worship within reasonable walking and cycling distance. They should be on public transport routes where this is not possible. For example: offices at public transport interchanges.
Placing low-density housing, shopping and office development on separate sites, then forcing people to drive between them doesn't work.
High-density housing doesn’t have to be the terraced rows of previous generations. It should include squares, crescents, parks, footpaths and courtyards. The squares and parks of central London, the crescents of Bath or the boulevards of Paris, Vienna and Budapest show what can be achieved.
High-density housing increases the number of public transport users within the catchment area. It also makes shops and other essential services easier to site within walking distance of people’s homes.
Toronto built around 10,000 new housing units in 1996, mostly for relatively high-income households without children in the central area.
These developments, with a population of 15,000 people, were balanced by a growth in offices of 7.5 million square feet in the same period. A survey of residents showed that 70 percent of all trips were made to work in the central area. It found that 35 percent walked to work in summer and 29 percent did in winter. This is surprising because more than 26 days each month are below freezing between December and March in Toronto.
We need to make Cardiff a sustainable city with: